Tuesday, 2 September 2014


कुछ तो अंतर रहने दो,
कहीं मैं तुम एक ना हो जायें,
कुछ तो बातें रहने दो,
कहीं देर आज ना हो जाये,
क्या कह दूँ आज मनोरम कलरव;
और धूमिल गगन की बेला में,
पर ठहरो प्रिये! क्या जल्दी है,
कहीं अभी ठहर ना हो जाये,
इस नित्य नवल अहसास में,
मद्धम मद्धम उच्छ्वास में, 
देकर हाथों में हाथ; 
चल साथ दूर तक चलते हैं,
फिर कहीं सहर ना हो जाये।

image: here 

Plot hole in Dexter series?

 In my previous post where I was comparing Dexter and Kira, I did comment on well done stories of Death Note and Dexter. They are written meticulously methinks, especially Death Note. But I think today I found what might be a big plot hole as it spoils the otherwise good character make-up of Dexter-at least in my opinion.

In an episode in season 2 of Dexter(In a flashback of Dexter's past), Harry shows the image of brain of another serial killer to Dexter, telling him that it has relatively small size of right hemisphere. Harry first tells about the sociopath--how he lacks empathy and ability to keep good relations and so on--and later ascribes it to his small size of right hemisphere of brain.  When Dexter asks Harry that why he is showing that to him, Harry tells him that the brain of Dexter is also similar to that killer i.e. has smaller right hemisphere. 


Then, I suppose I noticed two discrepancies--first is--Dexter is a daydreamer who has a very vivid imagery--which is next to impossible given the size of right hemisphere of brain shown in season 2. Second--when we see Dexter playing golf with Miguel in the fifth episode of season 3-- it becomes evident that he is left handed. But I also remember Dexter saying to someone in season 2 somewhere that he is ambidextrous. Even if he is ambidextrous--the point one(Daydreamers have pronounced right hemispheres) still remains as a valid doubt I think. 

One explanation might be that the flashback is actually not something which necessarily happened--that might be true because Dexter is given to a lot of false imagery--but at the same time he also remembers many events from past which did happen to him---so my doubt remains an open one here.

Anyone out there with an idea about what I am missing here is most welcome to respond via comment.   

image source: here

Entrainment and Entertainment

In case you were lured into reading this supposing it's all about entertainment--you should pay attention to the title again--yes, it's also about entrainment, especially about brainwave entrainment. Now having made the distinction between the two words lets see what we have to entertain us here.

Entertainment is all about following the mind. It's all about getting rid of boredom. Dramatically, more the means of amusement at our disposal, more the boredom, and hence the requirement of more and more means of entertainment. It's a never ending vicious cycle created by the monster called mind. For example--lets take cinema as a means of entertainment. You may find a particular genre more interesting than others. Say for example--you are fond of mystery thrillers. You start watching them---a time comes when you get bored of whodunit cliches. You get bored of linear narratives and need non-linear narratives for enjoyment. Then you get bored of them as well--every director doing the same thing--telling (otherwise) ordinary story in a non-linear fashion to make it sound like an extraordinary one! Then something else is needed. If you watch  mystery movies which were made in 1960s--they would not appeal you if you are a modern viewer because they don't seem intelligent enough. My point is--what was entertaining a few decades ago might be cliche now--so you consistently need novelty.  

Entrainment is all about taming the mind using the brainwaves knowledge. Entrainment is also called 'frequency following response'--i.e. you expose your brain to a certain desired frequency and in course of time your brain starts following it. Electroencephalography(EEG) shows us the various waves associated with various mental states. For example--when you are calm--your brainwaves would be in Alpha or Theta range; when you're in deep sleep your brainwaves would be in Delta range etc. The idea is to expose your brain to desired frequency range and then along with your brain your entire system starts harmonizing itself towards that frequency range. Entrainment might be visual or auditory--but dominant entrainment type being used is auditory--i. e. use of binaural or isochronic beats.

Meditation is also a type of entrainment. Surat Shabad Yoga or Quang Yin meditation stress upon focusing on certain sound frequencies internally leading to a harmonized state of body and mind. Meditation is a natural way of entrainment whereas brainwave entrainment is an artificial one. But both of them have their own uses--the later one is part of Science which could be controlled to benefit many when compared to the prior one, which is, more or less subjective being part of spirituality. Having said that it must be stated that even brainwave entrainment is not yet considered a Science--some regard it as a protoscience and others as a pseudoscience.  

   Entertainment is also a type of entrainment. You expose yourself to audio-visual media all the time and wide range of frequencies are entraining your delicate mind. That is why it is suggested that too gory or too violent graphic content should be avoided in order to have a peaceful state of mind. Entertainment is all about following mind whereas entrainment is making mind follow your instructions for self-improvement.  

Enterainment is also a type of entertainment these days, in the sense that not all users out there use binaurals, isochronic and monaural tones to tame their mind to a disciplined spiritual regime. Internet is full of I-dosers and various other uses of brainwave entrainments which give a temporary high like chemical drugs. This is yet another way to escape from reality for addicts. This goes to show that entrainment is also a two way path going either towards self-improvement or towards self-annihilation.

Image source: here and here