Saturday, 6 October 2012

The Supreme Personality of Godhead


Upanishadas have sung praises of supreme person.

Supreme person is eternal.

His powers are also eternal.

Supreme person has infinite number of powers, universes and qualities.

Three main powers of Bhagvan are: Para, Jeev and Maya.

Jeev(souls) are fraction of his Jeev power and Jeev is conscious.

Maya is illusory potency which is inert in nature.

Para or Swarup Shakti is internal potency of Godhead whereas Maya is external potency, whereas Jeev is marginal potency.

Image: Here
There are three types of Jeev:

a. Those who have always been under the influence Maya--for example--most of us.
b. Those who have always been beyond Maya--eternally liberated---for example---those who serve Krishna in Goloka eternally.
c. Those who are not only beyond Maya but are also full of all opulences(infinite fame, power, intellect etc.) because they are plenary portions of Godhead and they are governed by Para Shakti of Godhead. They have power to govern Jeevas.


Supreme personality of Godhead, Shri Krishna, is complete in himself and perfect and infinite. Jeev cannot give anything to Godhead--in fact Jeev's devotion towards him gives him bliss.

Four Types of Bhakti




Supreme personality of Godhead Kapila, who established Samkhya philosophy, told this to his mother Devahuti:

There are four types of Bhakti based on modes of nature in the Bahkta:

1. Tamasika Bhakti: That which is done to hurt others. For example: The devotees like Hiranyakashyapu and Ravana attained siddhis because of their devotion to hurt others. Especially Hiranyakasyapu wanted to take revenge of his brother's death from Vishnu.
image: Kapila teaches Devahuti
2. Rajasika Bhakti: That which is done with an urge to get fame and power in world along with material pleasures of all types. For example: Dhruva's devotion was to get material pleasure. 

3. Sattvik Bhakti: That which is done when mode of goodness dominates in the devotee. For example: Bhagirath's devotion to bring Ganges for salvation of his kith and kin.

4. Nirguna Bhakti: Beyond all gunas---only for supreme personality Godhead Shri Krishna; incessant devotion by means of Kirtan, listening and chanting and it increases love towards Krishna continuously. It gives bliss.  

Thursday, 4 October 2012

The Twelve Great Personalities


When I used to study Sanskrit in my high school curriculum this interesting quotation was taught by our teacher but unfortunately only partially Mahajano Yen Gatah Sah Panthah

{ The way is the way on which greatest of personalities have walked!}




image: here Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Srimad Bhagavatam 6.3.20-21


svayambhur naradah sambhuh
kumarah kapilo manuh
prahlado janako bhismo
balir vaiyasakir vayam
dvadasaite vijanimo
dharmam bhagavatam bhatah
guhyam visuddham durbodham
yam jnatvamrtam asnute
SYNONYMS

svayambhuh -- Lord Brahma; naradah -- the great saint Narada; sambhuh -- Lord Siva; kumarah -- the four Kumaras; kapilah -- Lord Kapila; manuh -- Svayambhuva Manu; prahladah -- Prahlada Maharaja; janakah -- Janaka Maharaja; bhismah -- Grandfather Bhisma; balih -- Bali Maharaja; vaiyasakih -- Sukadeva, the son of Vyasadeva; vayam -- we; dvadasa -- twelve; ete -- these; vijanimah -- know; dharmam -- real religious principles; bhagavatam -- which teach a person how to love the Supreme Personality of Godhead; bhatah -- O my dear servants; guhyam -- very confidential; visuddham -- transcendental, not contaminated by the material modes of nature; durbodham -- not easily understood; yam -- which; jnatva -- understanding; amrtam -- eternal life; asnute -- he enjoys.


TRANSLATION

Lord Brahma, Bhagavan Narada, Lord Siva, the four Kumaras, Lord Kapila [the son of Devahuti], Svayambhuva Manu, Prahlada Maharaja, Janaka Maharaja, Grandfather Bhisma, Bali Maharaja, Sukadeva Gosvami and I myself know the real religious principle. My dear servants, this transcendental religious principle, which is known as bhagavata-dharma, or surrender unto the Supreme Lord and love for Him, is uncontaminated by the material modes of nature. It is very confidential and difficult for ordinary human beings to understand, but if by chance one fortunately understands it, he is immediately liberated, and thus he returns home, back to Godhead.


PURPORT

In Bhagavad-gita Lord Krsna refers to bhagavata-dharma as the most confidential religious principle (sarva-guhyatamam, guhyad guhyataram). Krsna says to Arjuna, "Because you are My very dear friend, I am explaining to you the most confidential religion." Sarva-dharman parityajya mam ekam saranam vraja: [Bg. 18.66] "Give up all other duties and surrender unto Me." One may ask, "If this principle is very rarely understood, what is the use of it?" In answer, Yamaraja states herein that this religious principle is understandable if one follows the parampara system of Lord Brahma, Lord Siva, the four Kumaras and the other standard authorities. There are four lines of disciplic succession: one from Lord Brahma, one from Lord Siva, one from Laksmi, the goddess of fortune, and one from the Kumaras. The disciplic succession from Lord Brahma is called the Brahma-sampradaya, the succession from Lord Siva (Sambhu) is called the Rudra-sampradaya, the one from the goddess of fortune, Laksmiji, is called the Sri-sampradaya, and the one from the Kumaras is called the Kumara-sampradaya. One must take shelter of one of these four sampradayas in order to understand the most confidential religious system. In the Padma Purana it is said, sampradaya-vihina ye mantras te nisphala matah: if one does not follow the four recognized disciplic successions, his mantra or initiation is useless. In the present day there are many apasampradayas, or sampradayas which are not bona fide, which have no link to authorities like Lord Brahma, Lord Siva, the Kumaras or Laksmi. People are misguided by such sampradayas. The sastras say that being initiated in such a sampradaya is a useless waste of time, for it will never enable one to understand the real religious principles.

Note: Please see my previous article on this subject

The Panchratra Supremacy



Panchratra is part of Agamas.

Studying Vedas, Upanishdas and Puranas and understanding them on your own is next to impossible.

Saints show the path on which true happiness is found. Greatest of saints have established Panchratras as most important of tradition.


Agamas are texts which have established importance of temples, idol-creation and chanting holy names.

Panchratras have a great influence on Hinduism along with Vedas.

Jiva Goswami had following to say about Panchratra(Taken from Wikipedia article):

Jiva Gosvami had stated in his Paramatma Sandarbha, forming part of six principal Sandarbhas, or philosophical treateses of Gaudiya Vaishnavism, that, "Seeing that the imperfect scriptures in the modes of passion and ignorance bring only a host of troubles, and also seeing that the original Vedas are very difficult to follow properly, and thus being very dissatisfied with both of these, the all-knowing scripture authors affirm the superiority of the Pancaratras, which describe the pure absolute truth, Narayana, and the worship of the Lord, which is very easy to perform." In the same Sandarbha Jiva Gosvami states[3] that god himself, Svayam Bhagavan, had spoken the Narada Pancaratra, which is accepted as a pramana by Gaudiya scholars.

Panchratra is made of two words 'Panch' and 'Ratra'. It literally means 'Five Nights.'

Panchratra reminds you of greatest of sages and devotees, especially Narada.

Vishnu worshipers of today, represented in a wide spectrum of traditions, generally follow the system of Pancaratra worship. The concept of Nada and Nada-Brahman appear already in Sattvata Samhita or Sattvata Tantra and in Jayakhya Samhita, two texts considered most canonical of Pancaratra texts.

Omkar is primordial sound(nada) which is enchanting and emanates from the flute of shri Krishna, Alternatively it's Rudra(as suggested in the Krishnopnishada).

Madhavacharya(Anand Tirtha) established very long ago that chanting holy names of Hari is only way for deliverance in the age of Kaliyuga. In a way, he founded Gaudiya Vaishnavism, though it was Chaitanya Mahaprabhu who stressed most on chanting Hare Krishna mahamantra on the basis of Kalisantarini upanishada. Srila Prabhupada popularized it amongst westerners. 

Chaitanya Mahaprabhu's teachings are in perfect alignment with Panchratra texts.

Bramha-Samhita is a most important Panchratra text.

Ramanujacharya also established supremecy of Panchratra texts.

Thus Madhvacharya, Ramanujacharya and Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, three greatest of scholars and devotees and most brilliant crown jewels amongst learned established supremecy of Panchratra texts in the age of Kali.

Tuesday, 2 October 2012

Whose Son Who's Father?


The fear of death is fear of change.

Vedas clearly tell that a soul leaves a body only after getting another.

This subtle body contains karmick scripts which play a role when soul incarnates again in a material body.

Causal body is root cause of cycles of birth and death. It contains samskaras(most subtle impressions from which intention vectors-karma proceed) inside its shell and it gets detached from samskaras only in two conditions: When someone attains Bhakti--meets supreme personality of Godhead or at the time of Mahapralaya when all the souls go inside Godhead in a dormant state.

There is no death for any soul--souls are eternal.

Even God cannot destroy soul or Maya.

Krishna is ruler of Maya, Maya rules over souls.

Liberated souls get liberation from Maya by grace of Krishna.

Even liberated souls don't enjoy bliss of Krishna without surrendering fully unto him and without serving him with full devotion.


In Kaliyuga, many people in India consider Maha-Mrityunjaya mantra as a potent tool to get rid of untimely death.

Abhimanyu, the brave fighter in Mahabharata was the son Arjuna.

His uncle Krishna and his father Arjuna, along with Veda-Vyasa were present at the time of his death.

Veda-Vyasa is incarnation of plenary portion of Krishna. Krishna is swayam Bhagvan, still Abhimanyu had to die.


Arjuna got very anxious after the death of Abhimanyu and wanted to see him just once more. He requested Krishna to make arrangements for the same.

Krishna was reluctant but showed mercy and called Abhimanyu's soul.

As soon as Abhimanyu's soul came, Arjuna said "Oh my son!"

Abhimanyu said "Whose son and whose father?"

"You were father of that body, which is a corpse now," Abhimanyu said.

"I am not your son, nor you're my father."


Image: From this website
Soul has infinite number of temporary relations and they're all as false as they're true relative to each other. A soul's relation is true only with supersoul, because it's the only eternal relation. 

Source: Discourses by Kripaluji Maharaj

The Wonder of Wonders!




Who wants to go to hell?

Nobody.

Still people go to hell.

Who wants to suffer?

Nobody.

Still people suffer.



Image: Here

A drunkard asked a saint "Hey, what is out there in Heaven, Hell and Goloka?"


"A few people serving Krishna, a few people enjoying and a lot of people, respectively in Goloka, Heaven and Hell," saint replied.


"Oh, then Goloka and Heaven are exceedingly boring, I must go to Hell," the drunkard said.


The illusory potency of Krishna acts on all souls via three modes: Sat, Raj and Tam.


Sattvik people go to Swarga(Heaven,) after demise.

Rajsik people take birth on earth again.

Tamsik people go to Hell after death.


People who are deluded by Tamasik Maya, indulge in sensual gratification in a way which hurts others. Though like others(Saatvik and Tamasik people) they also want only and only happiness without even a single moment of suffering; they sow seeds of pain day after day. This is wonder of wonders!

Why We All Are Eternal Servants of Krishna?




Apart from you(Jeev/Soul), there are only two other eternal elements: Supreme personality of Godhead--Bhagwan--Shri Krishna--God and Illusory potency called Maya.

Many people consider themselves atheists. They don't believe in God.

Vedas, Upanishadas and Puranas, along with innumerable saints and avatars since time immemorial have declared "Rasovaisah." { He is Rasa(Anand)}

Bramh/Krishn/God is Anand(Supreme Bliss.)

Anand is a synonym of Krishna.

Sage Valmiki challenged thus: " Bring a single soul before me who is not the servant of Ram." 

Why? Ram means "ultimate pleasure." Everyone in the world, in form or another, is trying to increase his pleasure and happiness and trying to reduce pain.

Some of them don't know that there is any highest pleasure and they're content with "peace." That is why they realize that hankering after pleasure gives pain---and they try to stay calm and peaceful by meditation.

Image Source: Here
Krishna is Sat-Chit-Anand.

Since everyone is a servant of happiness, bliss, pleasure and peace---everyone is a servant of God.

If you insist that you're not---it's similar to saying that your father is not your father but husband of your mother!

Source: Kripaluji's lectures.