Sunday, 30 September 2012

All you need...

Spiritual authorities unanimously agree on one thing: All living beings, knowingly or unknowingly, are striving for one(and only) thing: Happiness. We don't want unhappiness. Young kids like to play with toys. As they grow up, they try gain attention of others and strive to get respect. Grown ups need wealth and power--more the merrier! Some people meditate and need peace of mind. Toys, respect, wealth, power, peace of mind and beauty are labels on the packages. These packages have only one thing hidden inside them--Bliss(Anand/Joy/Happiness).

There are no exceptions to this rule--if you find any, you are not looking closely enough. You will find some people who deny it and just because they want to belabor against this point, they would go as far as saying "No, i don't need happiness." 

Image: Here
Here is a very good verse from Brihadaranyaka Upanishada, which stresses on the fact that nobody can really 'love' anyone before attaining Bhagvan.

Na va are patyuh kamaya patih priyo bhavati, atmanas tu kamaya patih priyo bhavati; na va are jayayai kamaya jaya priya bhavati; atmanas tu kamaya jaya priya bhavati; na va are sarvasya kamaya sarvam priyam bhavati; atmanas tu kamaya sarvam priyam bhavati (Bri.U. 2.4.5): 

Nobody loves anything for its own sake. Here is a masterstroke of genius from Yajnavalkya, the great sage: Nobody loves anything for its own sake. We are accustomed to this slogan of love, and we consider that as something very pre-eminent in our daily life. We love people, we love wealth, we love land, we love property. There is such a thing called love in this world, but who does love want, and what is the purpose of this love? We cannot love anybody or anything except for our own happiness.
Translataion Source:

Saturday, 29 September 2012

After the Mahapralaya

Wikipedia: Pralaya:

According to Vishnu Purana and Agni Purana, there are 4 different types of pralaya: Praakritik PralayaNaimittik PralayaAtyantik Pralaya and Nitya Pralaya.
Praakritik Pralaya, which is of 311,040,000,000,000 solar years duration, occurs after the completion of life of Brahma (i.e. 100 Brahma years = 311 trillion and 40 billion earth years = one day ofVishnu = 1 Parama). After the completion of one Brahma life cycle, the complete dissolution of all the entities (i.e. the Panch Mahaabhoot or Universe) takes place in the eternity (God). Praakritik Pralaya is the time for which Vishnu sleeps. The next morning, he again gives birth to a new Lord Brahma and asks him to create new worldly entities. Noticeably, Praakritik Pralaya and the Life of Brahma are of equal duration.
Naimittika Pralaya, which is of 4,320,000,000 earth years, occurs just after the end of a Kalpa. Also, known as the Night of Brahma, it signifies the end of living world. In Bhagvata Purana, sage Shukdeva told king Parikshit that if Lord Brahma is supposed to be a child (for example), then in a similar way as a child plays with his toys i.e. making various structures from his toys during day and breaking or dismantling them before he goes to sleep at night; Brahma makes the living world during his day (i.e. Kalpa) and destroys it before going to sleep during night (i.e. Naimittika Pralaya). A new living world is created by Brahma, when he wakes up the next day and so on the cycle continues till Praakritik Pralaya. Again, Naimittika Pralaya and Kalpa are of equal duration.
Atyantik Pralaya, also termed as Moksha, is the final deliverance or the attainment of salvation by a jivan (soul) and after that the jivan is never again in the clutches of karma; nor bounded by the tight ropes of Sansaar. It is therefore a variable time span conditioned or determined by the practise of the different kind of Yogas or Prapatti. It is the final immersion of a soul (i.e. aatmaa), thereby completely eliminating its individualism into the eternal almighty (i.e. Parmaatmaa).
Nitya Pralaya, is the sleep or by an extension thereof, Death

Pralaya, in Hindu cosmology, is an aeonic term for Dissolution, which specifies different periods of time during which non activity situation persists, as per different formats or contexts. The word Mahapralaya stands for Great Dissolution. During each pralaya, the lower ten realms (loka) are destroyed , while the higher four realms, including Satya-loka, Tapa-loka, Jana-loka, and Mahar-loka are preserved. During each Mahapralaya, all 14 realms are destroyed. 
Image: Here
What happens after Mahapralaya? Bramha, including all other Jeevas get inside Shri Krishna during Mahapralaya only with their Samskaras(leaving all three--gross, subtle and causal bodies!)--then God sleeps for a while---the compassion power(Karuna Shakti) of God wakes him up saying to him that there are infinite number of souls inside him in a 'pending' state.

Then God manifests the world as it was with all souls in the status they were before the Mahapralaya, which means, the dogs are dogs and cats are cats. He doesn't create the existence but rather expresses it---that is what is meant by eternal creation. It's just divine play without any beginning---beginnings and ends are points for our petty minds to understand.

Sources: Kripaluji Maharaj's lectures. 

Thursday, 20 September 2012

Why Not To Follow Cults?

Note: Almost entire article is an English rendering of Kripaluji Maharaj's lecture Main Kaun Mera Kaun--Part 10's fraction. If there are any errors in translation or in my understanding of the subject, my apologies. 

Darshan literally means 'to see.' People often translate it as "Philosophy." 

Darshan, according to Vedas and Puranas means---"that which helps you decide exactly pertaining to all matters."

Darshan can be broadly categorized as follows:

A. Astika Darshan--Darshanas which consider Vedas as ultimate authority.
B. Nastika Darshan---Darshans which don't regard Vedas as authority.

Astika Darshans are of following two types:

A.1. Those which regard Vedas as ultimate authority and also emphasize existence of God as ultimate authority.----Ishvarvaadi Vedic Darshanas. { It's also called "Sanatana Dharma."}
A.2. Those which consider Vedas as ultimate authority but don't accept God(don't need God to explain things.)---Aneeshvarvaadi Vedic Darshanas

Examples: Meemansa Darshan and Samkhya Darshan---arguments suggesting that Karma gives results on its own and is an automatic system without the need of a God.

{Buddhism is similar but doesn't consider Vedas as an authority.}

Nastika Darshan are of following two types:

B.1. Those which don't consider Vedas as any authority but emphasize existence of God: For example--Christianity, Islam and Judaism.----Ishvarvaadi Avaidic Darshan.
B. 2. Those which neither accept authority of Vedas nor accept existence of any God---Atheism and Buddhism for example---Buddhism differs from Atheism because of acceptance of reincarnation and Karma, in which regard it's similar to Meemansa or Samkhya Darshan.----Aneeshvarvaadi Avaidic Darshan.

Now lets take category A.1 and discuss about it in details:

A.1. Those which regard Vedas as ultimate authority and also emphasize existence of God as ultimate authority.---Ishvarvaadi Vedic Darshanas

This category is mostly accepted inside India only. Vedas are considered as ultimate authority mostly inside India only.

A.1 has following 5 types based on Ishvara(God) worshipped:

a. Vishnu
b. Shiva
c. Sun
d. Ganesha
e. Durga

Each one of A.1 categories listed above has many sub-categories inside it.

Take for example category A.1.a: Vishnuvaadi Vedic Darshanas:

i. Advaita
ii. Vishishtadvaita
iii. Dvaitadvaita
iv.  Vishuddhadvaita
v. Dvaita
vi. Achintya-bhed-abhed.

This categorization is obviously confusing for an ordinary person like me. {{I am talking about  A.1.a: Vishnuvaadi Vedic Darshanas categories only}}
These types are not constant and they are being created and updated day-by-day by new Gurus. These paths were created by great personalities. The question is: why? 

Vishnuvaadi Vedic Darshana considers that cycles of creation and destruction follow one another and  these cycles had no beginning--they are eternal like God. Even if you consider just present creation---it's about 2 Arab years old! It started with Bramha--the creator driven by passionate mode of ignorance.

We realize that these categories came especially in last 2500 years. The first in the line of great Vedic authorities was--Adi Guru Shankaracharya.

He propounded Nirguna-Nirvishesha-Nirakara God--the God who has no qualities, no size, no shape, no personality and does nothing.

This comes into category A.1.a.i { Please remember it.}

Rest of the A.1.a categories are just  answers to A.1.a.i.

In other words:  Vishishtadvaita, Dvaitadvaita, Vishuddhadvaita, Dvaita and Achintya-bhed-abhed are all answers to Advaita.

There arises a question about the origin of these sects in A.1.a.--Why did Shankaracharya create his 'Shankara Mata?'

Did he not have a guru to follow?

Guru is considered very important  in Vishnuvaadi Vedic Darshana. { Sometimes even more important than what appears to be Truth--because Truth is not what appears.}

Shankaracharya's Guru was Govindacharya, who was a disciple of Gaudpadacharya, who was a disciple of Shukdeva Paramhamsa, who was disciple of Srila Ved Vyasa-----> this chain leads you to Bramha and Bramha's guru--Narayana---Bhagvan Shri Krishna. Then there is no Guru---so why not call it the cult of Krishna? Why is it called 'Shankara Mata?'

If you follow Shankara's cult---then it's obvious that the followers of Shankara if they're charismatic enough, would create many more cults in days to come.

Similarly Ramanujacharya, Nibarkacharya  also had their Gurus.

If you take Achintya-Bhed-Abhed ( category Mahaprabhu(an incarnation of Shri Krishna) was a disciple of Ishwara Puri--who was a devotee of Krishna. If you follow his line of Gurus it traces back to Madhvacharya who was a devotee of Shri Vishnu. Strange enough, as it might seem, Madhvacharya considered Bramha as the greatest authority and he did not regard Krishna as the supreme personality of Godhead. He considered Gopis merely Apsaras(damsels dancing in Swargaloka.)---But all in his line of followers were devotees of Radha and Krishna---which is quite weird.

The conclusion is--there are only three elements according to Vedas--Bramh(God), Jeev(Soul) and Maya(illusory potency). If one were to accept any great personality as Guru---there would be too many Gurus and too many opinions--all of them emphasizing that they're the only one who are RIGHT and others are all WRONG.

It's evident that a simpleton like me would get confused by all these sects and cults.

Why is it necessary to accept authority of Jagadgurus like Shankaracharya? Every great personality which comes along will create a cult. Meera, Tulsi, Sur, Nanak, Kabeer---there are so many---then if you start counting them from Satayuga--Prahlad, Ambreesh, Dhruva and countless others are there---why not follow them? 

The conclusion is that it's not wise to follow cults.

Follow God and avoid Maya--either you're moving towards God or you're moving towards Maya--there is no third entity(because you're the third and only other entity.)

Wednesday, 19 September 2012

The Name of Krishna is Krishna Himself

Caitanya Caritamrita Madhya 17.131: "The Lord's holy name, His form and His personality are all one and the same. There is no difference between them. Since all of them are absolute, they are all transcendentally blissful.
CC Madhya 17.132: "There is no difference between Krisna's body and Himself or between His name and Himself. But as far as the conditioned soul is concerned, one's name is different from one's body, from one's original form and so on.

Since Krishna's body is a divine body, he is not different from his body. Every organ of his body can function as any other organ of his body and he can do anything even without body;still he has a body.His body, soul, name, personality are same. Krishna's name is Krishna himself. For conditioned souls it's not applicable, because they're under the influence of illusory potency Maya. Your name is a pure sound vibration, but it's used to address your form, along with your personality and soul. You don't have a divine body. You have a body made up of material elements, therefore, your body as well as mind(in the similar way) is different from you. Your physical, subtle and causal bodies are different from you, therefore you're not identical to your name, but in case of God, his body, his name, his personality and form are one and the same. The sound vibration Krishna is nothing but God Krishna himself.

Image Source: This Website

Saturday, 15 September 2012

Govindam Adi Purusham

This song, sung by Yamuna Devi Dasi, is one of my favorite YouTube videos with various images of Shri Krishna's pastimes.

YouTube Video


Image Source: 

Wikipedia Article
The Brahma Samhita is a Sanskrit Pancaratra text, composed of verses of prayer spoken by Brahma glorifying the supreme Lord Sri Krishna or Govinda at the beginning of creation. It is revered within Gaudiya Vaishnavism, whose founder, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (1486–1534), re-discovered a part of the work, the 62 verses of Chapter 5, at the Adikeshav Temple in Thiruvattur, Kerala,Southern India in the 16th Century which had previously been lost for a few centuries.  Mitsunori Matsubara in his Pancaratra Samhitas and Early Vaisnava Theology dates the text at ca 1300 AD. The text contains a highly esoteric description, with the Kama-Gayatri, of Krishna in His abode Goloka.In 1971 George Harrison produced a modern recording of these prayers along with the Hare Krishna devotees of the Radha Krsna Temple in London entitled 'Govindam', taking its title from the main chorus line of the prayer "govindam adi-purusham tam aham bhajami" meaning "I worship Govinda, the primeval Lord". This prayer was sung by a disciple of Srila Prabhupāda-Yamuna mataji.

The recovered fragment of the Bramha Samhita  commences at the fifth chapter. verse 1 states:īśvarah paramah krsnah, sac-cid-ānanda-vigrahahanādir ādir govindah, sarva-kārana-kāranamWhich translates to:Krishna who is known as Govinda is the Supreme Personality of Godhead. He has an eternal blissful spiritual body. He is the origin of all. He has no other origin and He is the prime cause of all causes.The text was first translated from Sanskrit into English by Bhaktisiddhanta Saraswati Thakur in 1932 and is often sung or recited as a both devotional and philosophical text.

Tuesday, 11 September 2012

Emotions and Devotion

We all are active and conscious beings. It's our very nature to create Karma every single moment of our waking and dreaming lives. None of us could stay inactive even for a single moment. We all are driven by three modes of nature every single moment. What are we all striving for?

Without a single exception, every conscious being is active for being happy. It might seem that some are trying to get rid of the pain, but that is nothing but an effort to become happier and those who are already happy want greater happiness. Generally happiness is not stable, cycles of happiness follow cycles of unhappiness because illusory potency of God(Maya) makes people deluded in search of happiness in material objects. Even those who understand this roam around in search of happiness which is eternal.

This search for happiness takes some concrete paths: Gyana(Knowledge), Karma and Bhakti Yoga are three ways.

The Gyani, after having attained knowledge of 'Self'(separate from body, mind, senses, subtle body etc.) strives to gain knowledge of impersonal absolute Self. In that pursuit he meditates and considers the emotions as unnecessary blocks which are to be eliminated--both positive and negative emotions are considered obstacles in the path.

Unlike a Gyani, a devotee needs emotions. Emotions are very life of Devotion.

Kamna(Desires) has two results---if it's fulfilled it gives way to even more of desires--which is greed. As pouring in more and more of Ghee into the fire increases fire more and more, so does fulfilling desires breed more desires.

If desires don't get materialized--they give rise to anger--which in turn destroys our memory and consciousness and that leads us to destruction.

Kamna(desire) in devotion becomes Upasana--which is holy. Willing to see God, willing to touch his lotus feet, willing to hear about his pastimes are all holy desires--if they get fulfilled--they breed more of joy and bliss and if they are not fulfilled then also they give ecstasy of separation and longing to see God.

Emotions of parental love, conjugal love, fraternal love and those when you feel awe and reverence for lord's mercy are spirit of devotion and they never bind you into material illusory potency. The same emotions might become cause of bondage and suffering when in the world of Maya because they are for objects which are not permanent--but in case of eternal blissful supreme personality of Godhead Krishna--even if you curse him like Shishupal with anger--that will not bind you--rather it will become cause of your liberation and joy. 

Monday, 10 September 2012

Puranas Are History Not Mythology!

There is a difference between Mythology and History. The word 'Purana' means 'History'. Sage Veda-Vyasa has written 18 Puranas and Mahabharata along with other books and Bhagvata Purana is best of Puranas.

The descriptions I have given about universes come from Bhagvata Purana and Caitanya Caritamrita. 

The earth was considered round and milky way galaxy was described along with many constellations in Bhagvata Purana.

Before getting it written down, Bhagvata Purana was in oral circulation for at least a few thousand years.

I am not arguing that religion is Science but it takes a little faith to investigate and an open mind as well.

You can read Bhagvata Purana with an open mind and it's available online and see for yourself.

Consider this: Bramha, who is one of the creators, created this universe. 

A four headed Bramha created our universe so it's a very small universe in comparison to the universes created by ten-headed, thousand-headed, billion-headed Bramhas. 

These Bramhas are created by an expansion of Krishna called Narayana.

Bramhas are born from navel-lotus of Narayana.

Bramha's age is called Para.

Para is 3110 Kharab, 40 Arab years.

100000= 1 lakh
100 lakh= 1 crore
100 crore= 1 arab
100 arab= 1 kharab

In a day of Bramha 71*14 Mahayugas happen.

1 Mahayuga is Sata+Treta+Dwapara+Kaliyuga

Kaliyua= 10%
Satayuga=40% of one Mahayuga.

71 Mahayuga= 1 Manvantara.

{ A Manu(Adam) lives for one Manvantara }

14 Manus come in one day of Bramha.

A Bramha lives for 100 days.

Mahavishnu is beyond imagination then because there is no way to conceive number of universes sustained during the time interval of his inhalation and exhalation.

Krishna is beyond Mahavishnu. Mahavishnu is one of his expansions from 1/4th of his potencies.

3/4th of his potencies are in Paravyoma--spiritual sky which is unknown to even greatest of sages.

Sources: Bhagvata Purana, Chaitanya Charitamrita etc.

Before twentieth century hardly any scientist considered possibility of 'multiverse' seriously. Puranas had it thousands of years ago that there are billions upon billions of universes with same kind of molecular dance as this one. 

Arjuna was able to attack with a nuclear bomb and take it back as well whereas tiny atom bomb of Hiroshima-Nagasaki could be only used to attack and can't be taken back once it has started its action.

Indians had a very developed Science indeed--but unlike modern Science they were all investing it to search for eternal-bliss-Krishna.

If you have a written record of your ancestors' lives(your father, uncle, grandfather etc), that might contain some errors(even a lot of them unless there has been enough careful effort to maintain them) but that would not be called Mythology; no, that would be family history.

Indian Puranas are carefully recorded history by greatest of sages. Since it's a matter of thousands upon thousands of years of history, it's not easy to validate each and everything with our modern equipments and intelligence, especially without being a devotee or a spiritual person(since all of it was religious) but to run into dismissing it as Mythology with an eye of skeptic is naive and disappointing; in the same way if you reject that Alexander or Napoleon or Socrates ever existed or did anything useful! 

Merriam Webster wrote:

Definition of HISTORY

: tale, story
a : a chronological record of significant events (as affecting a nation or institution) often including an explanation of their causes
b : a treatise presenting systematically related natural phenomena
c : an account of a patient's medical background
d : an established record <a prisoner with a history of violence>
: a branch of knowledge that records and explains past events <medieval history>
a : events that form the subject matter of a history
b : events of the past
c : one that is finished or done for <the winning streak was history> <you're history>
d : previous treatment, handling, or experience (as of a metal)
See history defined for English-language learners »
See history defined for kids »
Examples of HISTORY

I studied history in college.
a professor of medieval history
They were one of the greatest teams in history.
It was one of the most destructive storms in modern history.
It was a period in American history when most people lived and worked on farms.
The history of space exploration is a fascinating topic.
He wrote a well-known history of the British empire.
The book begins with a brief history of the Internet.

Merriam Webster wrote:

a : a usually traditional story of ostensibly historical events that serves to unfold part of the world view of a people or explain a practice, belief, or natural phenomenon
b : parable, allegory
a : a popular belief or tradition that has grown up around something or someone; especially : one embodying the ideals and institutions of a society or segment of society <seduced by the American myth of individualism — Orde Coombs>
b : an unfounded or false notion
: a person or thing having only an imaginary or unverifiable existence
: the whole body of myths
See myth defined for English-language learners »
See myth defined for kids »
Examples of MYTH

It's an enduring myth that money brings happiness.
I don't believe the myths and legends about this forest.
Contrary to popular myth, no monster lives in this lake.

If I say that all Puranas and characters therein are mythical figures, I would mean that neither they existed nor their powers, nor the universes and realms described in them---that they are works of imagination, whereas if I suggest that they're history, that means they all did exist and were not fabricated out of author's imagination!

Sunday, 9 September 2012

Bhakti is ultimate happiness!

In the Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (1.1.38) it is stated:

brahmanando bhaved esa cet parardha-guni-krtah
naiti bhakti-sukhambhodheh paramanu-tulam api

"If brahmananda, the transcendental bliss derived from understanding impersonal Brahman, were multiplied with parardha(3110 Kharab, 40 Arab divided by two), such a quantity of brahmananda could not compare with even an atomic portion of the pleasure relished in pure devotional service."

Bramha's day is called Kalpa.

Bramha's age is 100 years=2 Parardhas.

1 Kapla= 14 Manvantaras.
1 Manvantara=71 Mahayugas.
1 Mahayuga= Sata+Treta+Dwapara+Kali-Yuga.
Kaliyuga= 4.32 million years.
Kaliyuga is 10% of 1 Mahayuga.
Dwapara, Treta, Satyugas are respectively 20, 30 and 40 % of Mahayuga.

Bramha's age comes out to be 3110 Kharab, 40 Arab years.

Par=3110 Kharab 40 Arab.

If Par/2 is multiplied with Bramhananda it cannot be campared to even an atomic portion of bliss enjoyed in pure unalloyed devotional service. 

Image: Here

What is Parardha?

Par means age of Bramha--the passionate(rajoguni) creator of universe. Parardha means its half. See following description from Bhagvata Purana Canto 3, Chapter 11.
kālo 'yaḿ dvi-parārdhākhyo
hy anāder jagad-ātmanaḥ
kālaḥ — eternal time; ayam — this (as measured by Brahmā's duration of life); dvi-parārdha-ākhyaḥ — measured by the two halves of Brahmā's life; nimeṣaḥ — less thana second; upacaryate — is so measured; avyākṛtasya — of one who is unchanged; anantasya — of the unlimited; hi — certainly; anādeḥ — of the beginningless;jagat-ātmanaḥ — of the soul of the universe.
The duration of the two parts of Brahmā's life, as above mentioned, is calculated to be equal to one nimeṣa [less than a second] for the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is unchanging and unlimited and is the cause of all causes of the universe.
The great sage Maitreya has given a considerable description of the time of different dimensions, beginning from the atom up to the duration of the life of Brahmā. Now he attempts to give some idea of the time of the unlimited Personality of Godhead. He just gives a hint of His unlimited time by the standard of the life of Brahmā. The entire duration of the life of Brahmā is calculated to be less than a second of the Lord's time, and it is explained in the Brahma-saḿhitā (5.48) as follows:
yasyaika-niśvasita-kālam athāvalambya
viṣṇur mahān sa iha yasya kalā-viśeṣo
"I worship Govinda, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the cause of all causes, whose plenary portion is Mahā-Viṣṇu. All the heads of the innumerable universes [the Brahmās] live only by taking shelter of the time occupied by one of His breaths." The impersonalists do not believe in the form of the Lord, and thus they would hardly believe in the Lord's sleeping. Their idea is obtained by a poor fund of knowledge; they calculate everything in terms of man's capacity. They think that the existence of the Supreme is just the opposite of active human existence; because the human being has senses, the Supreme must be without sense perception; because the human being has a form, the Supreme must be formless; and because the human being sleeps, the Supreme must not sleep. Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam, however, does not agree with such impersonalists. It is clearly stated herein that the Supreme Lord rests in yoga-nidrā, as previously discussed. And because He sleeps, naturally He must breathe, and the Brahma-saḿhitā confirms that within His breathing period innumerable Brahmās take birth and die.
There is complete agreement between Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam and the Brahma-saḿhitā. Eternal time is never lost along with the life of Brahmā. It continues, but it has no ability to control the Supreme Personality of Godhead because the Lord is the controller of time. In the spiritual world there is undoubtedly time, but it has no control over activities. Time is unlimited, and the spiritual world is also unlimited, since everything there exists on the absolute plane.

16000 Wives of Krishna

Krishna had 16108 wives! We would talk about 16000 first--Krishna's 16000 wives is a much talked about  topic and people often look down upon this in their ignorance of context; same stands true about Rasa-lila which we would discuss about in another thread. Those who are devoid of devotion are very quick to raise a question about this without at first reading the sources. Half knowledge is dangerous, especially in absence of devotion; Krishna is God beyond all forms and his body is divine and he can have as many wives as he wishes to have--but he gave a reasonable example by marrying those 16000 women who were suffering in the harem of Bhaumasura. 

Bhaumasura was also known as Narakasura. He was son of Bhumi(earth-elemental) and that is why he was called 'Bhaumasura.' When he plundered through world he had abducted sixteen thousand young delectable women for himself and now they were part of his harem. Some of them were wives or daughters of kings who were killed by him in various wars, others daughters of sages and rest of them just beautiful women he saw and desired to possess. 

When Krishna killed Bhaumasura to help Indra(King of Swargaloka)--as he entered into the Pragjyotishpura--the elegant, prosperous and affluent city of Narakasura; these sixteen thousand women, as soon as they saw him, fell in love with him and each one of them thought in her mind "I give my heart, my soul to him; let him become my husband!Let Bramha grant this one absolute wish of mine." Knowing what they wanted, knowing they had nowhere else to turn, Krishna had them clothed in finery, adorned with the finest ornaments in Narka's treasury, and sent them home to Dwarka in golden palanquins. 

Krishna married them all on the same day. He gave each of them a palace, and he lived with every one of them, assuming different(but identical) bodies for each one of them. Every woman had her own Krishna with her all the times and they lived in a condition of permanent ecstasy. It would sound ridiculous for a normal human being, but there are many accounts of similar assuming of forms by Krishna in Bhagvata Purana. The God which has become Narayana and Vishnu in so many universes can assume as many similar forms as he wants to. Read the story of Bramha's abducting cowherd boys for a more clear picture.

Image Source: 
Part of the passages have been taken from Ramesh Menon's literary rendering of Bhagvata Purana Canto 10, Chapter--Slaying of Naraka.

Annotation From Caitanya Caritamrita:

CC Madhya 20.165: "The Supreme Personality of Godhead exists in three principal forms — svayaḿ-rūpatad-ekātma-rūpa and āveśa-rūpa.
CC Madhya 20.166: "The original form of the Lord [svayaḿ-rūpa] is exhibited in two forms — svayaḿ-rūpa and svayaḿ-prakāśa. In His original form as svayaḿ-rūpa,Kṛṣṇa is observed as a cowherd boy in Vṛndāvana.
CC Madhya 20.167: "In His original form, Kṛṣṇa manifests Himself in two features — prābhava and vaibhava. He expands His one original form into many, as He did during the rāsa-līlā dance.
CC Madhya 20.168: "When the Lord married 16,108 wives at Dvārakā, He expanded Himself into many forms. These expansions and the expansions at the rāsa dance are called prābhava-prakāśa, according to the directions of revealed scriptures.
CC Madhya 20.169: "The prābhava-prakāśa expansions of Lord Kṛṣṇa are not like the expansions of the sage Saubhari. Had they been so, Nārada would not have been astonished to see them.
CC Madhya 20.170: "'It is astounding that Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa, who is one without a second, expanded Himself in sixteen thousand similar forms to marry sixteen thousand queens in their respective homes.'
CC Madhya 20.171: "If one form or feature is differently manifested according to different emotional features, it is called vaibhava-prakāśa.
CC Madhya 20.172: "When the Lord expands Himself in innumerable forms, there is no difference in the forms, but due to different features, bodily colors and weapons, the names are different.
CC Madhya 20.173: "'In different Vedic scriptures, there are prescribed rules and regulative principles for worshiping different types of forms. When one is purified by these rules and regulations, he worships You, the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Although manifested in many forms, You are one.

Sunday, 2 September 2012

Consciousness, Super-consciousness and illusory potency

 All Jeevas(Souls) have consciousness. According to Vedas, there are just three(and only three) elements since time immemorial and there will always be only three: Krishna(God), Jeevas(Souls) and Maya(matter: illusory potency of God). 

Since souls and God have existed since beginning(there has been no beginning in fact)--God is not senior to souls. In that regard soul and God are similar.

But they differ in degree of consciousness. God has infinite consciousness, because he resides in the hearts of every soul of every universe and there are infinite universes. He not only registers the Karma of each and every soul but also gives results and travels into every birth(materialization) with every soul.

Souls have tiny consciousness. Most evolved life-forms in terms of consciousness; humans---cannot clearly remember what they had for dinner last Thursday--leave alone retaining memory of various past lives. 

Consciousness is awareness of 'I' but since every thought proceeds from 'I', it's nothing but memory.

More a soul remembers God more conscious it becomes and more the consciousness lesser the problems. Problems get solved by increased awareness. Humans have created more problems than they have solved because they have forgotten the super-conscious God. 

God is all knowing and all powerful and souls have almost no power at all and know nothing--but the ahamkara(ego) which is a tool of Maya(inert illusory potency of God) makes souls deluded by the belief that they know everything, which in turn makes them rude and closed-boxes. In such a state only destruction follows. 

image: from here

Saturday, 1 September 2012

Four Headed Bramha Creates Smallest Universe!

Jagadguru Kripaluji have often said in his lectures that Krishna has infinite bliss, innumerable powers and  super-consciousness and we have tiny consciousness in comparison. 
Krishna manages infinite universes just by one fourth of his powers. Three-fourth remain unknown. Krishna's consciousness is such that he registers every   single motive(Karma) of every single of billions upon billions of  Jeevas(souls) inside every single pond(billions upon billions of such ponds) of every single village of billions upon billions of villages inside every single state of many states  inside every single country of many countries inside every single planet of infinite planets with life inside every single universe inside infinite universes in his creation. Not only that, he gives results accordingly and he stays inside hearts of each and every soul; whereas Jeevas have tiny consciousness; most conscious being-human forgets most of what he did yesterday or even in past hour! 
Image: Here

Following verses have been taken from the English translation of Caitanya Caritamrita, Madhya Lila. 

CC Madhya 21.59: "Once, when Kṛṣṇa was ruling Dvārakā, Lord Brahmā came to see Him, and the doorman immediately informed Lord Kṛṣṇa of Brahmā's arrival.
CC Madhya 21.60: "When Kṛṣṇa was so informed, He immediately asked the doorman, 'Which Brahmā? What is his name?' The doorman therefore returned and questioned Lord Brahmā.
CC Madhya 21.61: "When the doorman asked, 'Which Brahmā?' Lord Brahmā was surprised. He told the doorman, 'Please go inform Lord Kṛṣṇa that I am the four-headed Brahmā who is the father of the four Kumāras.'
CC Madhya 21.62: "The doorman then informed Lord Kṛṣṇa of Lord Brahmā's description, and Lord Kṛṣṇa gave him permission to enter. The doorman escorted LordBrahmā in, and as soon as Brahmā saw Lord Kṛṣṇa, he offered obeisances at His lotus feet.
CC Madhya 21.63: "After being worshiped by Lord Brahmā, Lord Kṛṣṇa also honored him with suitable words. Then Lord Kṛṣṇa asked him, 'Why have you come here?'
CC Madhya 21.64: "Being questioned, Lord Brahmā immediately replied, 'Later I shall tell You why I have come. First of all there is a doubt in my mind which I wish You would kindly dissipate.
CC Madhya 21.65: "'Why did you inquire which Brahmā had come to see You? What is the purpose of such an inquiry? Is there any other Brahmā besides me within this universe?'
CC Madhya 21.66: "Upon hearing this, Śrī Kṛṣṇa smiled and immediately meditated. Unlimited Brahmās arrived instantly.
CC Madhya 21.67: "These Brahmās had different numbers of heads. Some had ten heads, some twenty, some a hundred, some a thousand, some ten thousand, some a hundred thousand, some ten million and others a hundred million. No one can count the number of faces they had.
CC Madhya 21.68: "There also arrived many Lord Śivas with various heads numbering one hundred thousand and ten million. Many Indras also arrived, and they had hundreds of thousands of eyes all over their bodies.
CC Madhya 21.69: "When the four-headed Brahmā of this universe saw all these opulences of Kṛṣṇa, he became very much bewildered and considered himself a rabbit among many elephants.
CC Madhya 21.70: "All the Brahmās who came to see Kṛṣṇa offered their respects at His lotus feet, and when they did this, their helmets touched His lotus feet.
CC Madhya 21.71: "No one can estimate the inconceivable potency of Kṛṣṇa. All the Brahmās who were there were resting in the one body of Kṛṣṇa.
CC Madhya 21.72: "When all the helmets struck together at Kṛṣṇa's lotus feet, there was a tumultuous sound. It appeared that the helmets themselves were offering prayers unto Kṛṣṇa's lotus feet.
CC Madhya 21.73: "With folded hands, all the Brahmās and Śivas began to offer prayers unto Lord Kṛṣṇa, saying, 'O Lord, You have shown me a great favor. I have been able to see Your lotus feet.'
CC Madhya 21.74: "All of them then said, 'It is my great fortune, Lord, that You have called me, thinking of me as Your servant. Now let me know what Your order is so that I may carry it on my heads.'
CC Madhya 21.75: "Lord Kṛṣṇa replied, 'Since I wanted to see all of you together, I have called all of you here.
CC Madhya 21.76: "'All of you should be happy. Is there any fear from the demons?'"They replied, 'By Your mercy, we are victorious everywhere.
CC Madhya 21.77: "'Whatever burden was upon the earth You have taken away by descending to that planet.'
CC Madhya 21.78: "This is the proof of Dvārakā's opulence: all the Brahmās thought, 'Kṛṣṇa is now staying in my jurisdiction.'
CC Madhya 21.79: "Thus the opulence of Dvārakā was perceived by each and every one of them. Although they were all assembled together, no one could see anyone but himself.
CC Madhya 21.80: "Lord Kṛṣṇa then bade farewell to all the Brahmās there, and after offering their obeisances, they all returned to their respective homes.
CC Madhya 21.81: "After observing all these opulences, the four-headed Brahmā of this universe was astonished. He again came before the lotus feet of Kṛṣṇa and offered Him obeisances.
CC Madhya 21.82: "Brahmā then said, 'Whatever I formerly decided about my knowledge I have just now had personally verified.
CC Madhya 21.83: "'There are people who say, "I know everything about Kṛṣṇa." Let them think in that way. As far as I am concerned, I do not wish to speak very much about this matter. O my Lord, let me say this much. As far as Your opulences are concerned, they are all beyond the reach of my mind, body and words.'
CC Madhya 21.84: "Kṛṣṇa said, 'Your particular universe has a diameter of four billion miles; therefore it is the smallest of all the universes. Consequently you have only four heads.
CC Madhya 21.85: "'Some of the universes are one billion yojanas in diameter, some one trillion, some ten trillion and some one hundred trillion yojanas. Thus they are almost unlimited in area.
CC Madhya 21.86: "'According to the size of the universe, there are so many heads on the body of Brahmā. In this way I maintain innumerable universes [brahmāṇḍas].
CC Madhya 21.87: "'No one can measure the length and breadth of the one fourth of My energy manifested in the material world. Who then can measure the three fourths that is manifested in the spiritual world?'