The question was asked by a member on a forum where I post regularly. I feel that dogmas hurt and as one of the members suggested, political, religious and moral dogmas are the one which hurt most. Let us see what could be a general definition of dogma:
Dogma is the established belief or doctrine held by a religion, or a particular group or organization. It is authoritative and not to be disputed, doubted, or diverged from, by the practitioners or believers. Although it generally refers to religious beliefs that are accepted without reason or evidence, they can refer to acceptable opinions of philosophers or philosophical schools, public decrees, or issued decisions of political authorities. The term derives from Greek δόγμα "that which seems to one, opinion or belief" and that from δοκέω (dokeo), "to think, to suppose, to imagine". Dogma came to signify laws or ordinances adjudged and imposed upon others by the First Century. The plural is either dogmas or dogmata, from Greek δόγματα. Today, It is sometimes used as a synonym for systematic theology.
Dogmas by their very nature are harmful in certain senses. Categorically speaking, by its very definition 'religious dogma' is the most fatal type of dogma that could ever happen to any individual.
Even more serious than religious dogma is dogma of thinking. The common belief that what we see, perceive, analyze, think, preach is real or true without doubt, without being able to witness our thoughts is biggest and most widespread of all dogmas and it applies to even so called 'independent' thinkers and scientists.
The only way out of dogmas, if there is any at all, is to meditate. To be truly able to meditate, to be able to witness your thoughts incessantly, makes flame of your awareness burn very brightly and in turn gives you freedom from all the dogmas.
image courtsey: consciencebound.com