Saturday, 17 November 2012

Powers of Krishna


Three prime powers of Krishna are:
1. Para/Swaroopa/Chit-Shakti.
2. Jeev Shakti.
3. Maya Shakti.

Out of these three also Para/Chit/Swarup power is main power of God.

Swamsha and Vibhinamsha are two types of fractions of Krishna.

Swamshas are akin to Bhagvan and they're all governers of Swarupa power. They're co-ordinators of Swarupa power.

Vibhinnamsha are of two types: Eternally-liberated and eternally bound.

eternally-liberated are always beyond Maya and eternally bound are under Maya.

eternally-under-Maya jeev are fractions of Jeev-shakti-vishishta Shri Krishna and not of Para-Shakti-Vishishta Shri Krishna(Of which Swamshas are fractions.)

Swarup Shakti gives a Jeev power over Maya like eternally liberated Jeevs but Swamshas are different.

Bramha Vishnu and Shankar along with Lalita Vishakha etc are governers of Swarupa Shakti--they're swamshas of Supreme.
Image Source: Here
Since we Jeevas are neither fractions of Maya shakti, nor fractions of Para-shakti---we're also called as Tatastha Shakti.

Since all powers reside inside the source of power we Jeevas are also part of Shri Krishna.

We reside inside Krishna like Swarupa power still we don't get changed by it; in other words Swarupa Shakti doesn't affect us. Similar is the example of Bramha which doesn't get affected ---has only two powers---to potect itself and Sat-chitananda.

Bhagwan is equally embedded inside all powers---Maya, Jeeva and Swarupa.

Jeevas are eternal-servants of Krishna. Since all souls without any exception are servants of Anand(eternal-happiness); all of them are eternal servants of Krishna because Bramha, Anand and Krishna are synonyms.

Saturday, 6 October 2012

The Supreme Personality of Godhead


Upanishadas have sung praises of supreme person.

Supreme person is eternal.

His powers are also eternal.

Supreme person has infinite number of powers, universes and qualities.

Three main powers of Bhagvan are: Para, Jeev and Maya.

Jeev(souls) are fraction of his Jeev power and Jeev is conscious.

Maya is illusory potency which is inert in nature.

Para or Swarup Shakti is internal potency of Godhead whereas Maya is external potency, whereas Jeev is marginal potency.

Image: Here
There are three types of Jeev:

a. Those who have always been under the influence Maya--for example--most of us.
b. Those who have always been beyond Maya--eternally liberated---for example---those who serve Krishna in Goloka eternally.
c. Those who are not only beyond Maya but are also full of all opulences(infinite fame, power, intellect etc.) because they are plenary portions of Godhead and they are governed by Para Shakti of Godhead. They have power to govern Jeevas.


Supreme personality of Godhead, Shri Krishna, is complete in himself and perfect and infinite. Jeev cannot give anything to Godhead--in fact Jeev's devotion towards him gives him bliss.

Four Types of Bhakti




Supreme personality of Godhead Kapila, who established Samkhya philosophy, told this to his mother Devahuti:

There are four types of Bhakti based on modes of nature in the Bahkta:

1. Tamasika Bhakti: That which is done to hurt others. For example: The devotees like Hiranyakashyapu and Ravana attained siddhis because of their devotion to hurt others. Especially Hiranyakasyapu wanted to take revenge of his brother's death from Vishnu.
image: Kapila teaches Devahuti
2. Rajasika Bhakti: That which is done with an urge to get fame and power in world along with material pleasures of all types. For example: Dhruva's devotion was to get material pleasure. 

3. Sattvik Bhakti: That which is done when mode of goodness dominates in the devotee. For example: Bhagirath's devotion to bring Ganges for salvation of his kith and kin.

4. Nirguna Bhakti: Beyond all gunas---only for supreme personality Godhead Shri Krishna; incessant devotion by means of Kirtan, listening and chanting and it increases love towards Krishna continuously. It gives bliss.  

Thursday, 4 October 2012

The Twelve Great Personalities


When I used to study Sanskrit in my high school curriculum this interesting quotation was taught by our teacher but unfortunately only partially Mahajano Yen Gatah Sah Panthah

{ The way is the way on which greatest of personalities have walked!}




image: here Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Srimad Bhagavatam 6.3.20-21


svayambhur naradah sambhuh
kumarah kapilo manuh
prahlado janako bhismo
balir vaiyasakir vayam
dvadasaite vijanimo
dharmam bhagavatam bhatah
guhyam visuddham durbodham
yam jnatvamrtam asnute
SYNONYMS

svayambhuh -- Lord Brahma; naradah -- the great saint Narada; sambhuh -- Lord Siva; kumarah -- the four Kumaras; kapilah -- Lord Kapila; manuh -- Svayambhuva Manu; prahladah -- Prahlada Maharaja; janakah -- Janaka Maharaja; bhismah -- Grandfather Bhisma; balih -- Bali Maharaja; vaiyasakih -- Sukadeva, the son of Vyasadeva; vayam -- we; dvadasa -- twelve; ete -- these; vijanimah -- know; dharmam -- real religious principles; bhagavatam -- which teach a person how to love the Supreme Personality of Godhead; bhatah -- O my dear servants; guhyam -- very confidential; visuddham -- transcendental, not contaminated by the material modes of nature; durbodham -- not easily understood; yam -- which; jnatva -- understanding; amrtam -- eternal life; asnute -- he enjoys.


TRANSLATION

Lord Brahma, Bhagavan Narada, Lord Siva, the four Kumaras, Lord Kapila [the son of Devahuti], Svayambhuva Manu, Prahlada Maharaja, Janaka Maharaja, Grandfather Bhisma, Bali Maharaja, Sukadeva Gosvami and I myself know the real religious principle. My dear servants, this transcendental religious principle, which is known as bhagavata-dharma, or surrender unto the Supreme Lord and love for Him, is uncontaminated by the material modes of nature. It is very confidential and difficult for ordinary human beings to understand, but if by chance one fortunately understands it, he is immediately liberated, and thus he returns home, back to Godhead.


PURPORT

In Bhagavad-gita Lord Krsna refers to bhagavata-dharma as the most confidential religious principle (sarva-guhyatamam, guhyad guhyataram). Krsna says to Arjuna, "Because you are My very dear friend, I am explaining to you the most confidential religion." Sarva-dharman parityajya mam ekam saranam vraja: [Bg. 18.66] "Give up all other duties and surrender unto Me." One may ask, "If this principle is very rarely understood, what is the use of it?" In answer, Yamaraja states herein that this religious principle is understandable if one follows the parampara system of Lord Brahma, Lord Siva, the four Kumaras and the other standard authorities. There are four lines of disciplic succession: one from Lord Brahma, one from Lord Siva, one from Laksmi, the goddess of fortune, and one from the Kumaras. The disciplic succession from Lord Brahma is called the Brahma-sampradaya, the succession from Lord Siva (Sambhu) is called the Rudra-sampradaya, the one from the goddess of fortune, Laksmiji, is called the Sri-sampradaya, and the one from the Kumaras is called the Kumara-sampradaya. One must take shelter of one of these four sampradayas in order to understand the most confidential religious system. In the Padma Purana it is said, sampradaya-vihina ye mantras te nisphala matah: if one does not follow the four recognized disciplic successions, his mantra or initiation is useless. In the present day there are many apasampradayas, or sampradayas which are not bona fide, which have no link to authorities like Lord Brahma, Lord Siva, the Kumaras or Laksmi. People are misguided by such sampradayas. The sastras say that being initiated in such a sampradaya is a useless waste of time, for it will never enable one to understand the real religious principles.

Note: Please see my previous article on this subject

The Panchratra Supremacy



Panchratra is part of Agamas.

Studying Vedas, Upanishdas and Puranas and understanding them on your own is next to impossible.

Saints show the path on which true happiness is found. Greatest of saints have established Panchratras as most important of tradition.


Agamas are texts which have established importance of temples, idol-creation and chanting holy names.

Panchratras have a great influence on Hinduism along with Vedas.

Jiva Goswami had following to say about Panchratra(Taken from Wikipedia article):

Jiva Gosvami had stated in his Paramatma Sandarbha, forming part of six principal Sandarbhas, or philosophical treateses of Gaudiya Vaishnavism, that, "Seeing that the imperfect scriptures in the modes of passion and ignorance bring only a host of troubles, and also seeing that the original Vedas are very difficult to follow properly, and thus being very dissatisfied with both of these, the all-knowing scripture authors affirm the superiority of the Pancaratras, which describe the pure absolute truth, Narayana, and the worship of the Lord, which is very easy to perform." In the same Sandarbha Jiva Gosvami states[3] that god himself, Svayam Bhagavan, had spoken the Narada Pancaratra, which is accepted as a pramana by Gaudiya scholars.

Panchratra is made of two words 'Panch' and 'Ratra'. It literally means 'Five Nights.'

Panchratra reminds you of greatest of sages and devotees, especially Narada.

Vishnu worshipers of today, represented in a wide spectrum of traditions, generally follow the system of Pancaratra worship. The concept of Nada and Nada-Brahman appear already in Sattvata Samhita or Sattvata Tantra and in Jayakhya Samhita, two texts considered most canonical of Pancaratra texts.

Omkar is primordial sound(nada) which is enchanting and emanates from the flute of shri Krishna, Alternatively it's Rudra(as suggested in the Krishnopnishada).

Madhavacharya(Anand Tirtha) established very long ago that chanting holy names of Hari is only way for deliverance in the age of Kaliyuga. In a way, he founded Gaudiya Vaishnavism, though it was Chaitanya Mahaprabhu who stressed most on chanting Hare Krishna mahamantra on the basis of Kalisantarini upanishada. Srila Prabhupada popularized it amongst westerners. 

Chaitanya Mahaprabhu's teachings are in perfect alignment with Panchratra texts.

Bramha-Samhita is a most important Panchratra text.

Ramanujacharya also established supremecy of Panchratra texts.

Thus Madhvacharya, Ramanujacharya and Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, three greatest of scholars and devotees and most brilliant crown jewels amongst learned established supremecy of Panchratra texts in the age of Kali.

Tuesday, 2 October 2012

Whose Son Who's Father?


The fear of death is fear of change.

Vedas clearly tell that a soul leaves a body only after getting another.

This subtle body contains karmick scripts which play a role when soul incarnates again in a material body.

Causal body is root cause of cycles of birth and death. It contains samskaras(most subtle impressions from which intention vectors-karma proceed) inside its shell and it gets detached from samskaras only in two conditions: When someone attains Bhakti--meets supreme personality of Godhead or at the time of Mahapralaya when all the souls go inside Godhead in a dormant state.

There is no death for any soul--souls are eternal.

Even God cannot destroy soul or Maya.

Krishna is ruler of Maya, Maya rules over souls.

Liberated souls get liberation from Maya by grace of Krishna.

Even liberated souls don't enjoy bliss of Krishna without surrendering fully unto him and without serving him with full devotion.


In Kaliyuga, many people in India consider Maha-Mrityunjaya mantra as a potent tool to get rid of untimely death.

Abhimanyu, the brave fighter in Mahabharata was the son Arjuna.

His uncle Krishna and his father Arjuna, along with Veda-Vyasa were present at the time of his death.

Veda-Vyasa is incarnation of plenary portion of Krishna. Krishna is swayam Bhagvan, still Abhimanyu had to die.


Arjuna got very anxious after the death of Abhimanyu and wanted to see him just once more. He requested Krishna to make arrangements for the same.

Krishna was reluctant but showed mercy and called Abhimanyu's soul.

As soon as Abhimanyu's soul came, Arjuna said "Oh my son!"

Abhimanyu said "Whose son and whose father?"

"You were father of that body, which is a corpse now," Abhimanyu said.

"I am not your son, nor you're my father."


Image: From this website
Soul has infinite number of temporary relations and they're all as false as they're true relative to each other. A soul's relation is true only with supersoul, because it's the only eternal relation. 

Source: Discourses by Kripaluji Maharaj

The Wonder of Wonders!




Who wants to go to hell?

Nobody.

Still people go to hell.

Who wants to suffer?

Nobody.

Still people suffer.



Image: Here

A drunkard asked a saint "Hey, what is out there in Heaven, Hell and Goloka?"


"A few people serving Krishna, a few people enjoying and a lot of people, respectively in Goloka, Heaven and Hell," saint replied.


"Oh, then Goloka and Heaven are exceedingly boring, I must go to Hell," the drunkard said.


The illusory potency of Krishna acts on all souls via three modes: Sat, Raj and Tam.


Sattvik people go to Swarga(Heaven,) after demise.

Rajsik people take birth on earth again.

Tamsik people go to Hell after death.


People who are deluded by Tamasik Maya, indulge in sensual gratification in a way which hurts others. Though like others(Saatvik and Tamasik people) they also want only and only happiness without even a single moment of suffering; they sow seeds of pain day after day. This is wonder of wonders!

Why We All Are Eternal Servants of Krishna?




Apart from you(Jeev/Soul), there are only two other eternal elements: Supreme personality of Godhead--Bhagwan--Shri Krishna--God and Illusory potency called Maya.

Many people consider themselves atheists. They don't believe in God.

Vedas, Upanishadas and Puranas, along with innumerable saints and avatars since time immemorial have declared "Rasovaisah." { He is Rasa(Anand)}

Bramh/Krishn/God is Anand(Supreme Bliss.)

Anand is a synonym of Krishna.

Sage Valmiki challenged thus: " Bring a single soul before me who is not the servant of Ram." 

Why? Ram means "ultimate pleasure." Everyone in the world, in form or another, is trying to increase his pleasure and happiness and trying to reduce pain.

Some of them don't know that there is any highest pleasure and they're content with "peace." That is why they realize that hankering after pleasure gives pain---and they try to stay calm and peaceful by meditation.

Image Source: Here
Krishna is Sat-Chit-Anand.

Since everyone is a servant of happiness, bliss, pleasure and peace---everyone is a servant of God.

If you insist that you're not---it's similar to saying that your father is not your father but husband of your mother!

Source: Kripaluji's lectures.  

Sunday, 30 September 2012

All you need...


Spiritual authorities unanimously agree on one thing: All living beings, knowingly or unknowingly, are striving for one(and only) thing: Happiness. We don't want unhappiness. Young kids like to play with toys. As they grow up, they try gain attention of others and strive to get respect. Grown ups need wealth and power--more the merrier! Some people meditate and need peace of mind. Toys, respect, wealth, power, peace of mind and beauty are labels on the packages. These packages have only one thing hidden inside them--Bliss(Anand/Joy/Happiness).

There are no exceptions to this rule--if you find any, you are not looking closely enough. You will find some people who deny it and just because they want to belabor against this point, they would go as far as saying "No, i don't need happiness." 


Image: Here
Here is a very good verse from Brihadaranyaka Upanishada, which stresses on the fact that nobody can really 'love' anyone before attaining Bhagvan.

Na va are patyuh kamaya patih priyo bhavati, atmanas tu kamaya patih priyo bhavati; na va are jayayai kamaya jaya priya bhavati; atmanas tu kamaya jaya priya bhavati; na va are sarvasya kamaya sarvam priyam bhavati; atmanas tu kamaya sarvam priyam bhavati (Bri.U. 2.4.5): 

Nobody loves anything for its own sake. Here is a masterstroke of genius from Yajnavalkya, the great sage: Nobody loves anything for its own sake. We are accustomed to this slogan of love, and we consider that as something very pre-eminent in our daily life. We love people, we love wealth, we love land, we love property. There is such a thing called love in this world, but who does love want, and what is the purpose of this love? We cannot love anybody or anything except for our own happiness.
Translataion Source: http://www.swami-krishnananda.org/disc/disc_112.html

Saturday, 29 September 2012

After the Mahapralaya


Wikipedia: Pralaya:

According to Vishnu Purana and Agni Purana, there are 4 different types of pralaya: Praakritik PralayaNaimittik PralayaAtyantik Pralaya and Nitya Pralaya.
Praakritik Pralaya, which is of 311,040,000,000,000 solar years duration, occurs after the completion of life of Brahma (i.e. 100 Brahma years = 311 trillion and 40 billion earth years = one day ofVishnu = 1 Parama). After the completion of one Brahma life cycle, the complete dissolution of all the entities (i.e. the Panch Mahaabhoot or Universe) takes place in the eternity (God). Praakritik Pralaya is the time for which Vishnu sleeps. The next morning, he again gives birth to a new Lord Brahma and asks him to create new worldly entities. Noticeably, Praakritik Pralaya and the Life of Brahma are of equal duration.
Naimittika Pralaya, which is of 4,320,000,000 earth years, occurs just after the end of a Kalpa. Also, known as the Night of Brahma, it signifies the end of living world. In Bhagvata Purana, sage Shukdeva told king Parikshit that if Lord Brahma is supposed to be a child (for example), then in a similar way as a child plays with his toys i.e. making various structures from his toys during day and breaking or dismantling them before he goes to sleep at night; Brahma makes the living world during his day (i.e. Kalpa) and destroys it before going to sleep during night (i.e. Naimittika Pralaya). A new living world is created by Brahma, when he wakes up the next day and so on the cycle continues till Praakritik Pralaya. Again, Naimittika Pralaya and Kalpa are of equal duration.
Atyantik Pralaya, also termed as Moksha, is the final deliverance or the attainment of salvation by a jivan (soul) and after that the jivan is never again in the clutches of karma; nor bounded by the tight ropes of Sansaar. It is therefore a variable time span conditioned or determined by the practise of the different kind of Yogas or Prapatti. It is the final immersion of a soul (i.e. aatmaa), thereby completely eliminating its individualism into the eternal almighty (i.e. Parmaatmaa).
Nitya Pralaya, is the sleep or by an extension thereof, Death

Pralaya, in Hindu cosmology, is an aeonic term for Dissolution, which specifies different periods of time during which non activity situation persists, as per different formats or contexts. The word Mahapralaya stands for Great Dissolution. During each pralaya, the lower ten realms (loka) are destroyed , while the higher four realms, including Satya-loka, Tapa-loka, Jana-loka, and Mahar-loka are preserved. During each Mahapralaya, all 14 realms are destroyed. 
Image: Here
What happens after Mahapralaya? Bramha, including all other Jeevas get inside Shri Krishna during Mahapralaya only with their Samskaras(leaving all three--gross, subtle and causal bodies!)--then God sleeps for a while---the compassion power(Karuna Shakti) of God wakes him up saying to him that there are infinite number of souls inside him in a 'pending' state.

Then God manifests the world as it was with all souls in the status they were before the Mahapralaya, which means, the dogs are dogs and cats are cats. He doesn't create the existence but rather expresses it---that is what is meant by eternal creation. It's just divine play without any beginning---beginnings and ends are points for our petty minds to understand.

Sources: Kripaluji Maharaj's lectures. 


Thursday, 20 September 2012

Why Not To Follow Cults?

Note: Almost entire article is an English rendering of Kripaluji Maharaj's lecture Main Kaun Mera Kaun--Part 10's fraction. If there are any errors in translation or in my understanding of the subject, my apologies. 

Darshan literally means 'to see.' People often translate it as "Philosophy." 

Darshan, according to Vedas and Puranas means---"that which helps you decide exactly pertaining to all matters."

Darshan can be broadly categorized as follows:

A. Astika Darshan--Darshanas which consider Vedas as ultimate authority.
B. Nastika Darshan---Darshans which don't regard Vedas as authority.


Astika Darshans are of following two types:


A.1. Those which regard Vedas as ultimate authority and also emphasize existence of God as ultimate authority.----Ishvarvaadi Vedic Darshanas. { It's also called "Sanatana Dharma."}
A.2. Those which consider Vedas as ultimate authority but don't accept God(don't need God to explain things.)---Aneeshvarvaadi Vedic Darshanas

Examples: Meemansa Darshan and Samkhya Darshan---arguments suggesting that Karma gives results on its own and is an automatic system without the need of a God.

{Buddhism is similar but doesn't consider Vedas as an authority.}




Nastika Darshan are of following two types:

B.1. Those which don't consider Vedas as any authority but emphasize existence of God: For example--Christianity, Islam and Judaism.----Ishvarvaadi Avaidic Darshan.
B. 2. Those which neither accept authority of Vedas nor accept existence of any God---Atheism and Buddhism for example---Buddhism differs from Atheism because of acceptance of reincarnation and Karma, in which regard it's similar to Meemansa or Samkhya Darshan.----Aneeshvarvaadi Avaidic Darshan.


Now lets take category A.1 and discuss about it in details:

A.1. Those which regard Vedas as ultimate authority and also emphasize existence of God as ultimate authority.---Ishvarvaadi Vedic Darshanas

This category is mostly accepted inside India only. Vedas are considered as ultimate authority mostly inside India only.

A.1 has following 5 types based on Ishvara(God) worshipped:

a. Vishnu
b. Shiva
c. Sun
d. Ganesha
e. Durga

Each one of A.1 categories listed above has many sub-categories inside it.

Take for example category A.1.a: Vishnuvaadi Vedic Darshanas:

i. Advaita
ii. Vishishtadvaita
iii. Dvaitadvaita
iv.  Vishuddhadvaita
v. Dvaita
vi. Achintya-bhed-abhed.


This categorization is obviously confusing for an ordinary person like me. {{I am talking about  A.1.a: Vishnuvaadi Vedic Darshanas categories only}}
These types are not constant and they are being created and updated day-by-day by new Gurus. These paths were created by great personalities. The question is: why? 

Vishnuvaadi Vedic Darshana considers that cycles of creation and destruction follow one another and  these cycles had no beginning--they are eternal like God. Even if you consider just present creation---it's about 2 Arab years old! It started with Bramha--the creator driven by passionate mode of ignorance.

We realize that these categories came especially in last 2500 years. The first in the line of great Vedic authorities was--Adi Guru Shankaracharya.

He propounded Nirguna-Nirvishesha-Nirakara God--the God who has no qualities, no size, no shape, no personality and does nothing.

This comes into category A.1.a.i { Please remember it.}

Rest of the A.1.a categories are just  answers to A.1.a.i.

In other words:  Vishishtadvaita, Dvaitadvaita, Vishuddhadvaita, Dvaita and Achintya-bhed-abhed are all answers to Advaita.

There arises a question about the origin of these sects in A.1.a.--Why did Shankaracharya create his 'Shankara Mata?'

Did he not have a guru to follow?

Guru is considered very important  in Vishnuvaadi Vedic Darshana. { Sometimes even more important than what appears to be Truth--because Truth is not what appears.}

Shankaracharya's Guru was Govindacharya, who was a disciple of Gaudpadacharya, who was a disciple of Shukdeva Paramhamsa, who was disciple of Srila Ved Vyasa-----> this chain leads you to Bramha and Bramha's guru--Narayana---Bhagvan Shri Krishna. Then there is no Guru---so why not call it the cult of Krishna? Why is it called 'Shankara Mata?'

If you follow Shankara's cult---then it's obvious that the followers of Shankara if they're charismatic enough, would create many more cults in days to come.

Similarly Ramanujacharya, Nibarkacharya  also had their Gurus.

If you take Achintya-Bhed-Abhed ( category A.1.a.vi)---Chaitanya Mahaprabhu(an incarnation of Shri Krishna) was a disciple of Ishwara Puri--who was a devotee of Krishna. If you follow his line of Gurus it traces back to Madhvacharya who was a devotee of Shri Vishnu. Strange enough, as it might seem, Madhvacharya considered Bramha as the greatest authority and he did not regard Krishna as the supreme personality of Godhead. He considered Gopis merely Apsaras(damsels dancing in Swargaloka.)---But all in his line of followers were devotees of Radha and Krishna---which is quite weird.


The conclusion is--there are only three elements according to Vedas--Bramh(God), Jeev(Soul) and Maya(illusory potency). If one were to accept any great personality as Guru---there would be too many Gurus and too many opinions--all of them emphasizing that they're the only one who are RIGHT and others are all WRONG.

It's evident that a simpleton like me would get confused by all these sects and cults.

Why is it necessary to accept authority of Jagadgurus like Shankaracharya? Every great personality which comes along will create a cult. Meera, Tulsi, Sur, Nanak, Kabeer---there are so many---then if you start counting them from Satayuga--Prahlad, Ambreesh, Dhruva and countless others are there---why not follow them? 


The conclusion is that it's not wise to follow cults.

Follow God and avoid Maya--either you're moving towards God or you're moving towards Maya--there is no third entity(because you're the third and only other entity.)





Wednesday, 19 September 2012

The Name of Krishna is Krishna Himself



Caitanya Caritamrita Madhya 17.131: "The Lord's holy name, His form and His personality are all one and the same. There is no difference between them. Since all of them are absolute, they are all transcendentally blissful.
CC Madhya 17.132: "There is no difference between Krisna's body and Himself or between His name and Himself. But as far as the conditioned soul is concerned, one's name is different from one's body, from one's original form and so on.

Since Krishna's body is a divine body, he is not different from his body. Every organ of his body can function as any other organ of his body and he can do anything even without body;still he has a body.His body, soul, name, personality are same. Krishna's name is Krishna himself. For conditioned souls it's not applicable, because they're under the influence of illusory potency Maya. Your name is a pure sound vibration, but it's used to address your form, along with your personality and soul. You don't have a divine body. You have a body made up of material elements, therefore, your body as well as mind(in the similar way) is different from you. Your physical, subtle and causal bodies are different from you, therefore you're not identical to your name, but in case of God, his body, his name, his personality and form are one and the same. The sound vibration Krishna is nothing but God Krishna himself.


Image Source: This Website

Saturday, 15 September 2012

Govindam Adi Purusham

This song, sung by Yamuna Devi Dasi, is one of my favorite YouTube videos with various images of Shri Krishna's pastimes.

YouTube Video



Context

Image Source: 

Wikipedia Article
The Brahma Samhita is a Sanskrit Pancaratra text, composed of verses of prayer spoken by Brahma glorifying the supreme Lord Sri Krishna or Govinda at the beginning of creation. It is revered within Gaudiya Vaishnavism, whose founder, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (1486–1534), re-discovered a part of the work, the 62 verses of Chapter 5, at the Adikeshav Temple in Thiruvattur, Kerala,Southern India in the 16th Century which had previously been lost for a few centuries.  Mitsunori Matsubara in his Pancaratra Samhitas and Early Vaisnava Theology dates the text at ca 1300 AD. The text contains a highly esoteric description, with the Kama-Gayatri, of Krishna in His abode Goloka.In 1971 George Harrison produced a modern recording of these prayers along with the Hare Krishna devotees of the Radha Krsna Temple in London entitled 'Govindam', taking its title from the main chorus line of the prayer "govindam adi-purusham tam aham bhajami" meaning "I worship Govinda, the primeval Lord". This prayer was sung by a disciple of Srila Prabhupāda-Yamuna mataji.

The recovered fragment of the Bramha Samhita  commences at the fifth chapter. verse 1 states:īśvarah paramah krsnah, sac-cid-ānanda-vigrahahanādir ādir govindah, sarva-kārana-kāranamWhich translates to:Krishna who is known as Govinda is the Supreme Personality of Godhead. He has an eternal blissful spiritual body. He is the origin of all. He has no other origin and He is the prime cause of all causes.The text was first translated from Sanskrit into English by Bhaktisiddhanta Saraswati Thakur in 1932 and is often sung or recited as a both devotional and philosophical text.

Tuesday, 11 September 2012

Emotions and Devotion




We all are active and conscious beings. It's our very nature to create Karma every single moment of our waking and dreaming lives. None of us could stay inactive even for a single moment. We all are driven by three modes of nature every single moment. What are we all striving for?

Without a single exception, every conscious being is active for being happy. It might seem that some are trying to get rid of the pain, but that is nothing but an effort to become happier and those who are already happy want greater happiness. Generally happiness is not stable, cycles of happiness follow cycles of unhappiness because illusory potency of God(Maya) makes people deluded in search of happiness in material objects. Even those who understand this roam around in search of happiness which is eternal.

This search for happiness takes some concrete paths: Gyana(Knowledge), Karma and Bhakti Yoga are three ways.

The Gyani, after having attained knowledge of 'Self'(separate from body, mind, senses, subtle body etc.) strives to gain knowledge of impersonal absolute Self. In that pursuit he meditates and considers the emotions as unnecessary blocks which are to be eliminated--both positive and negative emotions are considered obstacles in the path.

Unlike a Gyani, a devotee needs emotions. Emotions are very life of Devotion.

Kamna(Desires) has two results---if it's fulfilled it gives way to even more of desires--which is greed. As pouring in more and more of Ghee into the fire increases fire more and more, so does fulfilling desires breed more desires.

If desires don't get materialized--they give rise to anger--which in turn destroys our memory and consciousness and that leads us to destruction.

Kamna(desire) in devotion becomes Upasana--which is holy. Willing to see God, willing to touch his lotus feet, willing to hear about his pastimes are all holy desires--if they get fulfilled--they breed more of joy and bliss and if they are not fulfilled then also they give ecstasy of separation and longing to see God.

Emotions of parental love, conjugal love, fraternal love and those when you feel awe and reverence for lord's mercy are spirit of devotion and they never bind you into material illusory potency. The same emotions might become cause of bondage and suffering when in the world of Maya because they are for objects which are not permanent--but in case of eternal blissful supreme personality of Godhead Krishna--even if you curse him like Shishupal with anger--that will not bind you--rather it will become cause of your liberation and joy. 

Monday, 10 September 2012

Puranas Are History Not Mythology!




There is a difference between Mythology and History. The word 'Purana' means 'History'. Sage Veda-Vyasa has written 18 Puranas and Mahabharata along with other books and Bhagvata Purana is best of Puranas.

The descriptions I have given about universes come from Bhagvata Purana and Caitanya Caritamrita. 

The earth was considered round and milky way galaxy was described along with many constellations in Bhagvata Purana.

Before getting it written down, Bhagvata Purana was in oral circulation for at least a few thousand years.

I am not arguing that religion is Science but it takes a little faith to investigate and an open mind as well.

You can read Bhagvata Purana with an open mind and it's available online and see for yourself.


Consider this: Bramha, who is one of the creators, created this universe. 

A four headed Bramha created our universe so it's a very small universe in comparison to the universes created by ten-headed, thousand-headed, billion-headed Bramhas. 

These Bramhas are created by an expansion of Krishna called Narayana.

Bramhas are born from navel-lotus of Narayana.

Bramha's age is called Para.

Para is 3110 Kharab, 40 Arab years.

100000= 1 lakh
100 lakh= 1 crore
100 crore= 1 arab
100 arab= 1 kharab


In a day of Bramha 71*14 Mahayugas happen.

1 Mahayuga is Sata+Treta+Dwapara+Kaliyuga

Kaliyua= 10%
Dwapara=20%
Treta=30%
Satayuga=40% of one Mahayuga.

71 Mahayuga= 1 Manvantara.

{ A Manu(Adam) lives for one Manvantara }

14 Manus come in one day of Bramha.

A Bramha lives for 100 days.

Mahavishnu is beyond imagination then because there is no way to conceive number of universes sustained during the time interval of his inhalation and exhalation.

Krishna is beyond Mahavishnu. Mahavishnu is one of his expansions from 1/4th of his potencies.

3/4th of his potencies are in Paravyoma--spiritual sky which is unknown to even greatest of sages.

Sources: Bhagvata Purana, Chaitanya Charitamrita etc.




Before twentieth century hardly any scientist considered possibility of 'multiverse' seriously. Puranas had it thousands of years ago that there are billions upon billions of universes with same kind of molecular dance as this one. 

Arjuna was able to attack with a nuclear bomb and take it back as well whereas tiny atom bomb of Hiroshima-Nagasaki could be only used to attack and can't be taken back once it has started its action.

Indians had a very developed Science indeed--but unlike modern Science they were all investing it to search for eternal-bliss-Krishna.



If you have a written record of your ancestors' lives(your father, uncle, grandfather etc), that might contain some errors(even a lot of them unless there has been enough careful effort to maintain them) but that would not be called Mythology; no, that would be family history.

Indian Puranas are carefully recorded history by greatest of sages. Since it's a matter of thousands upon thousands of years of history, it's not easy to validate each and everything with our modern equipments and intelligence, especially without being a devotee or a spiritual person(since all of it was religious) but to run into dismissing it as Mythology with an eye of skeptic is naive and disappointing; in the same way if you reject that Alexander or Napoleon or Socrates ever existed or did anything useful! 



Merriam Webster wrote:

Definition of HISTORY

1
: tale, story
2
a : a chronological record of significant events (as affecting a nation or institution) often including an explanation of their causes
b : a treatise presenting systematically related natural phenomena
c : an account of a patient's medical background
d : an established record <a prisoner with a history of violence>
3
: a branch of knowledge that records and explains past events <medieval history>
4
a : events that form the subject matter of a history
b : events of the past
c : one that is finished or done for <the winning streak was history> <you're history>
d : previous treatment, handling, or experience (as of a metal)
See history defined for English-language learners »
See history defined for kids »
Examples of HISTORY

I studied history in college.
a professor of medieval history
They were one of the greatest teams in history.
It was one of the most destructive storms in modern history.
It was a period in American history when most people lived and worked on farms.
The history of space exploration is a fascinating topic.
He wrote a well-known history of the British empire.
The book begins with a brief history of the Internet.


Merriam Webster wrote:

Myth
a : a usually traditional story of ostensibly historical events that serves to unfold part of the world view of a people or explain a practice, belief, or natural phenomenon
b : parable, allegory
2
a : a popular belief or tradition that has grown up around something or someone; especially : one embodying the ideals and institutions of a society or segment of society <seduced by the American myth of individualism — Orde Coombs>
b : an unfounded or false notion
3
: a person or thing having only an imaginary or unverifiable existence
4
: the whole body of myths
See myth defined for English-language learners »
See myth defined for kids »
Examples of MYTH

It's an enduring myth that money brings happiness.
I don't believe the myths and legends about this forest.
Contrary to popular myth, no monster lives in this lake.

If I say that all Puranas and characters therein are mythical figures, I would mean that neither they existed nor their powers, nor the universes and realms described in them---that they are works of imagination, whereas if I suggest that they're history, that means they all did exist and were not fabricated out of author's imagination!


Sunday, 9 September 2012

Bhakti is ultimate happiness!


In the Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (1.1.38) it is stated:

brahmanando bhaved esa cet parardha-guni-krtah
naiti bhakti-sukhambhodheh paramanu-tulam api

"If brahmananda, the transcendental bliss derived from understanding impersonal Brahman, were multiplied with parardha(3110 Kharab, 40 Arab divided by two), such a quantity of brahmananda could not compare with even an atomic portion of the pleasure relished in pure devotional service."

Bramha's day is called Kalpa.

Bramha's age is 100 years=2 Parardhas.

1 Kapla= 14 Manvantaras.
1 Manvantara=71 Mahayugas.
1 Mahayuga= Sata+Treta+Dwapara+Kali-Yuga.
Kaliyuga= 4.32 million years.
Kaliyuga is 10% of 1 Mahayuga.
Dwapara, Treta, Satyugas are respectively 20, 30 and 40 % of Mahayuga.

Bramha's age comes out to be 3110 Kharab, 40 Arab years.

Par=3110 Kharab 40 Arab.
Parardha=Par/2

If Par/2 is multiplied with Bramhananda it cannot be campared to even an atomic portion of bliss enjoyed in pure unalloyed devotional service. 

Image: Here

What is Parardha?


Par means age of Bramha--the passionate(rajoguni) creator of universe. Parardha means its half. See following description from Bhagvata Purana Canto 3, Chapter 11.
kālo 'yaḿ dvi-parārdhākhyo
avyākṛtasyānantasya
hy anāder jagad-ātmanaḥ
SYNONYMS
kālaḥ — eternal time; ayam — this (as measured by Brahmā's duration of life); dvi-parārdha-ākhyaḥ — measured by the two halves of Brahmā's life; nimeṣaḥ — less thana second; upacaryate — is so measured; avyākṛtasya — of one who is unchanged; anantasya — of the unlimited; hi — certainly; anādeḥ — of the beginningless;jagat-ātmanaḥ — of the soul of the universe.
TRANSLATION
The duration of the two parts of Brahmā's life, as above mentioned, is calculated to be equal to one nimeṣa [less than a second] for the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is unchanging and unlimited and is the cause of all causes of the universe.
PURPORT
The great sage Maitreya has given a considerable description of the time of different dimensions, beginning from the atom up to the duration of the life of Brahmā. Now he attempts to give some idea of the time of the unlimited Personality of Godhead. He just gives a hint of His unlimited time by the standard of the life of Brahmā. The entire duration of the life of Brahmā is calculated to be less than a second of the Lord's time, and it is explained in the Brahma-saḿhitā (5.48) as follows:
yasyaika-niśvasita-kālam athāvalambya
viṣṇur mahān sa iha yasya kalā-viśeṣo
"I worship Govinda, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the cause of all causes, whose plenary portion is Mahā-Viṣṇu. All the heads of the innumerable universes [the Brahmās] live only by taking shelter of the time occupied by one of His breaths." The impersonalists do not believe in the form of the Lord, and thus they would hardly believe in the Lord's sleeping. Their idea is obtained by a poor fund of knowledge; they calculate everything in terms of man's capacity. They think that the existence of the Supreme is just the opposite of active human existence; because the human being has senses, the Supreme must be without sense perception; because the human being has a form, the Supreme must be formless; and because the human being sleeps, the Supreme must not sleep. Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam, however, does not agree with such impersonalists. It is clearly stated herein that the Supreme Lord rests in yoga-nidrā, as previously discussed. And because He sleeps, naturally He must breathe, and the Brahma-saḿhitā confirms that within His breathing period innumerable Brahmās take birth and die.
There is complete agreement between Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam and the Brahma-saḿhitā. Eternal time is never lost along with the life of Brahmā. It continues, but it has no ability to control the Supreme Personality of Godhead because the Lord is the controller of time. In the spiritual world there is undoubtedly time, but it has no control over activities. Time is unlimited, and the spiritual world is also unlimited, since everything there exists on the absolute plane.